Sports associations and clubs are in many ways like any other NFP organisation. The general compliance requirements apply equally in the sport and recreation setting. However, there are some additional compliance requirements and concerns related to the activities they undertake such as additional insurance and safety responsibilities related to an increased potential risk of injury.
On this page:
- Setting up your organisation
- State Sporting Associations
- Leasing sporting venues
- Disputes and grievances
- Protecting children
- Playing sport on ANZAC Day
Setting up a sporting club or association is essentially the same as setting up any not for profit. You need to make a decision about the best legal structure, what to name your organisation and agree on your rules or constitution.
Most clubs and associations will find that an incorporated association is the most suitable legal structure.
See the Starting a Not for Profit section of this website for more information about what you need to do to start a sports club or association or other Not For Profit organisation.
It is not a legal requirement to incorporate, but you should be aware that members and officers of an unincorporated association may be personally liable for debts or other liabilities. You'll find out more information about the responsibilities of leadership teams in the Boards and committees page on this website.
State Sporting Associations (SSAs) are peak bodies for specific sports and are affiliated to their National Sporting Organisation (NSO).
The law does not require you to register your organisation with an SSA, however most sporting clubs affiliate so they can take part in wider inter-club competitions. If your club is affiliated with an SSA, you may also have access to other benefits the SSA offers, such as access to specialised insurance and other advice and support services.
You don’t need to be affiliated with an SSA to be eligible to apply for funding.
- see the list of SSA's on the Department of Transport, Planning and Local Infrastructure (DTPLI) website to see if your sport is represented by a SSA.
As for all Not For Profits, public liability insurance and directors' and officers' insurance should be considered. You may need insurance cover in order to apply for funding through some channels.
- see our Insurance page for more information on types of insurance and other considerations.
If you are setting up a sporting association you will probably need to hire or lease a sporting venue for events and training. Because sports inherently carry a greater risk of injury than other activities, insurance is an important consideration. You should also be careful about the arrangements to lease or hire a venue, to ensure that the arrangement does not put your organisation or its members at risk.
Disputes can arise on a range of issues in a sporting club or association. The Play By The Rules website has information on dispute resolution specific to sports.
Consult your rules
Most sporting organisations are incorporated associations. Incorporated associations are required by law to have a grievance procedure. For general disputes, you should always refer first to the grievance procedure in the rules or constitution of your organisation. If the matter cannot be resolved easily, you may be able to access the Dispute Settlement Centre Victoria (DSCV), a free dispute resolution service funded by the Victorian Government.
- see the Dispute Settlement Centre Victoria website.
If a dispute is with an employee and about employment conditions or dismissal, the Fair Work Ombudsman may become involved. The Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO) has useful information about your responsibilities as an employer. If you follow the guidelines set out in the employer section of the FWO website, you can reduce risk of a dispute or a damaging claim from an employee.
- see the employer section of the FWO website.
The Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) pays particular attention to members of sport and services clubs.
Sporting organisations are responsible for ensuring that nobody involved in sport is vilified, victimised or discriminated against. Sexual harassment in sporting clubs is also against the law.
Protections and exceptions
There are 18 protected attributes, including disability/impairment, age, gender identity, race, sex and sexual orientation. Personal association with someone who has, or is assumed to have, one of these attributes is also protected.
In some circumstances, discrimination in sport is allowed. These circumstances are set out in the Equal Opportunity Act 2010 and are known as exceptions.
- see the Places of discrimination: sport page on the Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission (VEOHRC) website.
The VEOHRC has published a number of practice guidelines to assist with understanding and complying with equal opportunity laws. The guidelines cover employment, sexual harassment and transgender people in sport.
- see the Practice Guidelines page on the VEOHRC website.
As for any Not For Profit organisation, sports clubs and associations need to make sure that any of their workers who have contact with children have been through the Working with Children Check. The Working with Children Check is administered by the Department of Justice (DOJ).
- see the Who needs a check page on the Working with Children Check website.
Anzac Day allows Australians to solemnly pause and remember Australia's servicemen and women.
The Anzac Day Act 1958 (Vic) prohibits the holding of sporting events to which persons are required to pay an admission fee or make a donation in order to watch sport, without the written approval of the Minister for Sport and Recreation.
The Minister may approve the holding of sport on Anzac Day if:
- the sport does not commence before 1.00pm
- a payment is made to the Anzac Day Proceeds Fund in the case of the sport being held within the metropolitan area, or the RSL Patriotic Welfare Fund through the RSL State Branch Headquarters or local sub-branch for sport in country areas.
Each year, the Victorian Government works with all sporting codes and the Returned & Services League (RSL) to accommodate the playing of sport on this day, whilst also honouring the significance of Anzac Day and all those who have served our country.
Clubs should contact their respective peak sporting organisation or association to seek information about submitting a request for the Minister’s approval to play sport on Anzac Day.